The Taxation System in the Republic of Mozambique integrates national and municipal taxes. The taxes of the National Taxation System are classified as direct and indirect, acting at various levels, namely direct taxation on income and wealth and indirect taxation on expenditure (VAT, ICE and customs duties).
The direct taxation on incomes is made through the following system of taxes: Corporate Income Tax (IRPC) and Personal Income Tax (IRPS).
The indirect taxation, which comprises taxes on expenditure, integrates: Value Added Tax (VAT), Specific Consumption Tax (ICE) and Customs Duties.
The Corporate Income Tax (IRPC) – is taxable on gained incomes, during the taxation period, from tax payers, namely commercial or civil companies, cooperatives, public companies and other corporates both public and private, entities unprovided with legal personality, whose incomes are not subject to taxation in the form of IRPS or IRPC.
• The rate for IRPC is 32%.
• The agricultural and livestock activity will benefit until 31/12/2010, from a reduced rate of 10%.
The Personal Income Tax (IRPS) – is taxable on the global annual value of income; is paid by singular persons residing in the Mozambican territory and by those not residing in the country but gaining income from it.
The Value Added Tax (VAT) - taxable on the sale of goods and provision of services in the national territory by a tax payer acting as such, as well as on importation of goods. The applicable rate for VAT is 17%.
The Specific Consumption Tax (ICE) - is taxable, in a selective manner, on the consumption of certain goods, produced or imported. The general rate of customs duties on consumption goods is 20%.
Customs Duties – taxable on imported and exported goods in the customs territory, whose values vary in the following manner:
• 2,5% for raw materials;
• 5% for capital goods (class K);
• 7,5% for intermediary goods;
• 20% for consumption goods.
In the framework of the materialization of the SADC trade protocol, various products from the SADC region countries will benefit from exemptions from pay of customs duties from 2008.The Taxation System is completed by other taxes, namely the Seal Tax, Tax on Successions and Donations, Sisa, Special Tax on Gambling, National Reconstruction Tax, Vehicle Tax and other legally established taxes and specific charges.
Social Security The registration of workers and their respective employers with the National Social Security System is mandatory. The fee for social security is 7%, being 4% paid by the employer and 3% by the employee.
New Code of Fiscal Benefits
It has being necessary to reformulate the Code of Fiscal Benefits approved by Decree 16/2002 of 27 June in order to rationalize the fiscal benefits for investments and make them more effective as an instrument of the political economy, the Assembly of the Republic pursuant to the provisions of Article 127.2 and Article 179.2(o) of the Constitution determines (Further details at http://www.cpi.co.mz/).